Management of Conflict Sensitive Projects

Conflict sensitivity - 'Train the trainer' course

Course description

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Context Leading development, humanitarian aid, security and peacebuilding organizations have agreed to consider the principle of “conflict sensitivity” as a starting point for their engagement in fragile or conflict-affected contexts. The use of this principle dates back to the OECD-DAC guidelines in the report “Preventing violent conflicts: what means of action?” (2001), who identifies as basic actions the fact of “not causing harm and not inadvertently aggravating existing or potential conflicts”, in addition to “maximizing the good” and strengthening the incentives for peace.

This principle gained importance with the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, when genocidaires exploited humanitarian aid in refugee camps to strengthen their authority. Development agencies were criticized for exacerbating the dynamics of the conflict by their various actions. Examples of aid unintentionally fueling conflict and undermining peace have prompted reflection on the role and engagement of aid and development projects in conflict contexts.

Today, conflict sensitivity is an integral part of UN conflict prevention efforts (UNSG Report on the Prevention of Armed Conflict, 2001). This report indicates that conflict prevention and sustainable and equitable development are mutually reinforcing activities. It is understood that the interventions are not neutral but are part of the context and the conflict. There is therefore a need for development, humanitarian aid, security or peacebuilding programs to account for unintended side effects of their actions. Conflict sensitivity is an important principle and tool to help affected parties understand the impact of their initiatives, minimize their damage and increase the effectiveness of their assistance, and deliver results that contribute to lasting peace in the world. their intervention contexts. In addition, it is also a tool for analysis, design and planning of programs, projects and actions.

In summary, conflict sensitivity makes interventions in complex and conflict-affected environments more effective, while minimizing the risk of negative or damaging impacts, as well as maximizing positive contributions to strengthening and consolidating the enabling conditions. to lasting peace.

Contributing to development, peace and security efforts on the Continent, the Alioune Blondin Beye Peacekeeping School, as a Center of Excellence of the African Union and ECOWAS and in collaboration with INTERPEACE offers this specialized course and integrated to meet the need for capacity building of Africans on the management of conflict sensitive projects.

Main objective This course aims to demonstrate that the context as a whole is the starting point of any initiative. For an intervention to be successful in a conflict-affected area, it is necessary to understand the complexity of the environment and to recognize that any action in a given context will have multiple and multidimensional impacts.

On the one hand, it will provide the analysis and understanding of the context and the impact that any intervention can have in a context of conflict. On the other hand, through a structured participatory analysis, this course will show how to identify and integrate “conflict sensitive” strategies in the design and implementation of interventions, programs / projects.

Learning objectives At the end of this course, trainees will be able to:

1. Describe the cycle of a project / program

2. Map the different stakeholders in a conflict

3. Carry out conflict-sensitive analysis and incorporate its results into the programming cycle of an intervention.

4. Explain the need to integrate conflict sensitivity in terms of institutional capacities (policies, systems, processes, resources, etc.)

5. Design effective communication for intervention in conflict zones

6. Facilitate group discussions that will help them increase their effectiveness in interviews with stakeholders, and facilitate dialogue and decision-making in groups and contexts where differences and disputes emerge.

7. Train others on conflict sensitivity through competent use of each instrument in the toolkit.

Target groups The course "Management of Conflict Sensitive Projects" is aimed at people working in a conflict or post-conflict context on issues of conflict prevention / management, peacebuilding, negotiation / mediation, humanitarian / project / program management. These include:

● Peacekeeping operations personnel

● Humanitarian staff

● Agents of civil society organizations

● Staff of international and sub-regional organizations

● Members of the government

● Academics and researchers

Each internship will see the participation of civilian personnel and uniformed personnel (police / gendarme and military) for a staff of 25 interns.

The participation of women is encouraged, whether for individual civilian applications or for the appointment of uniformed personnel.

CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE The impact of the training will be evaluated at several levels:

Learning will be assessed during training through activities, group presentations, facilitation or other knowledge synthesis and strengthening tools. It is envisaged that the participants will use the knowledge and tools acquired during the course by organizing themselves a conflict sensitive workshop for a specific audience. An evaluation questionnaire will collect the reaction and level of satisfaction of the trainees with regard to the content of the course, its methodology and the training environment.

Prerequisite To take part in this course, you must:

● Be able to express oneself in French;

● Be currently recruited / deployed or likely to be recruited to serve in a peace operation, or for the benefit of an organization working directly on issues related to the awareness of conflict sensitivity

● Be interested in training trainers or facilitating conflict sensitive workshops for their organizations working in / on conflict zones

● Be motivated to maximize the impact of their projects by preventing the risk of conflict and using opportunities for peace

● Want to learn or improve skills in managing conflict sensitive projects.

Methodology To advance learning, this course uses a variety of teaching methods, such as expert participation, exercises, group work, and case studies. The course is highly participatory, through experimental means and will help build the capacity of participants to engage in a reflection on the principle of “conflict sensitivity”.
Course structure Module 1: Start

1. Introduction

2. Expectations

3. Programs and objectives

4. Ground rules

Module 2: Introducing Conflict Sensitivity

1. What / Why

2. Program cycle

3. Measures / Key instruments

Module 3: Instruments for Facilitation I

1. Adult learning

2. Learning style / training mode

3. Learning objectives

4. Provision of training

Module 4: Understanding the Context

1. Case study

2. Profile context

3. Profile project

Module 5: Mapping the dynamics of war and peace

1. Dividers and connectors

2. Profile of the conflict

3. Peace profile

Module 6: Stakeholder analysis

1. Understand the stakeholders

2. Mapping of actors

3. Distinguish interests / positions

4. Profile of stakeholders

Module 7: Program Analysis

1. Exploring programming decisions

Module 8: Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment

1. Evaluate the positive and negative effects

2. Minimize the risks and optimize the positive effects

Module 9: Integrating a Conflict Sensitive Approach into Programs

Module 10: Institutionalizing Conflict Sensitive Analysis

1. Institutional requirements

Module 11: Recommendations for program design and implementation

1. Integration of the results conflict sensitive analysis and incorporation of the results into the programming cycle of an intervention

Module 12: Instruments for Facilitation II

1. The art of questioning

2. The art of answering

3. Question and answer session

Module 13: Facilitate a demonstration of case studies by participants

Module 14: Instruments for Facilitation III

1. Consolidation of lessons learned from the demonstration of cases in

Module 15: Instruments for Facilitation IV

1. Navigate the resistance

2. Difficult situations

3. Difficult conversations

4. Question and answer session

Module 16: Consolidation

1. Learning

2. Other questions

Administration Organization Logistics 5 training days

Team: 1 Course Director and 2 Experts, 2 Instructors

Course / Travel / Accommodation / Food costs: Fully covered and accommodation is at EMP-ABB0.

References Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, “How to Guide to Conflict Sensitivity”, February 2012.

● CDA, “Collaborative Learning Project, Do No Harm Workshop Trainer's Manual”, December 2016.


● CDA, “Ne Pas Nuire: Le Manuel”, 2004

● KOFF Swisspeace, “Management of Conflict Sensitive Programs”, 2014

● Report of the Secretary General, Prevention of Armed Conflict, UN A / 55/985 - S / 2001/574, 7th June 2001.

Partnerships The Alioune Blondin Beye Peacekeeping School expresses its thanks on the one hand to the Canadian Government for having funded the establishment of this course, and on the other hand INTERPEACE for their technical support in the design / development of this course. . Thanks also go to the EMP-ABB staff who contributed to the development of the course in question.

May all these contributors find here the expression of our deep gratitude.